• 联系人:王经理
  • 电话:0531-68788899
  • 手机:18769703998
  • 地址:济南市花园路奥体西路交叉口向西200米
新闻中心当前位置:首页-新闻中心
    了解汽车的动态平衡,看技术人员是如何进行四轮定位的
    2019-7-18 15:26:58
    也许很多车主会发现,当汽车运行了很长时间后,会出现以下情况,汽车到了一定的速度就会晃动。这是汽车动态平衡的问题,但是车主知道什么是平衡吗?这辆车的动平衡有问题。修理工是怎么修的?华盛奥迪维修顾问带您去了解!
    Perhaps many car owners will find that when the car runs for a long time, there will be the following situation, the car will shake at a certain speed. This is the problem of the dynamic balance of the car, but does the owner know what the balance is? There is a problem with the dynamic balance of the car. How does the repairman fix it? Warsaw Audi maintenance consultant will take you to know!
    什么是动态平衡?
    What is dynamic equilibrium?
    汽车的轮子是由轮胎和轮毂组成的一个整体。然而,由于制造的原因,整体各部分的质量分布不能很均匀。当汽车车轮高速转动时,会形成动力不平衡,造成汽车在运动时车轮晃动,方向盘振动的现象。为了避免或消除这种现象的发生,有必要使车轮在动态的情况下通过增加配重的方法,使车轮对边缘部分的平衡进行校正。这种校正过程通常被称为动态平衡。
    The wheels of a car are an integral whole composed of tyres and hubs. However, due to manufacturing reasons, the quality distribution of the whole parts can not be very uniform. When the wheels of a car rotate at high speed, the power unbalance will be formed, which will cause the wheels to sway and the steering wheel to vibrate when the car is in motion. In order to avoid or eliminate this phenomenon, it is necessary for the wheel to correct the balance of the edge of the wheel pair by increasing the counterweight in the dynamic situation. This correction process is often referred to as dynamic equilibrium.
    今天我们想说的是车辆运行时间长,对轮胎造成损坏后进行换胎、动平衡校正的过程。细心的车主会在车轮的边缘发现一个或多个大小不一的小铅块。与各种漂亮的轮子相比,这些小铅块似乎有点不合适。但正是这些小导块对高速行驶的稳定性起着非常重要的作用。
    Today we want to talk about the long running time of the vehicle, the process of tire replacement and dynamic balance correction after tire damage. Careful owners will find one or more small lead blocks of different sizes on the edge of the wheel. Compared with all kinds of beautiful wheels, these small lead blocks seem a little inappropriate. But it is these small guide blocks that play a very important role in the stability of high-speed driving.

    轮胎应定期用动平衡检测仪检查。轮胎平衡分为动平衡和静平衡。动态不平衡会使车轮摇摆,使轮胎产生波浪磨损;静不平衡会产生颠簸和跳跃现象,常使轮胎产生平斑现象。因此,定期检测平衡不仅可以延长轮胎的使用寿命,还可以提高汽车行驶时的稳定性,避免高速行驶时因轮胎摆动和跳跃失控而造成的交通事故。

    济南奥迪专修

    Tires should be inspected regularly by dynamic balance tester. Tire balance is divided into dynamic balance and static balance. Dynamic unbalance will cause the wheel to sway and the tire to wear in waves; static unbalance will cause bumps and jumps, often causing flat spots. Therefore, regular checking and balancing can not only prolong the service life of tires, but also improve the stability of automobiles while driving, and avoid traffic accidents caused by tire swing and jump out of control at high speed.
    轮胎更换过程
    Tyre replacement process
    既然是换胎,我们先谈谈拆胎的过程。这里用的是轮胎刮刀。这里是轮胎刮削机在轮胎刮削过程中发挥的作用。首先,技术人员将轮胎的空气从轮胎中释放出来,然后技术人员将手工将轮胎的边缘从轮毂接合处移开,但这种移开是为使用轮胎刮板机做准备。
    Since it's a replacement, let's talk about the process of removing the tire first. Here's a tyre scraper. Here is the role of tire scraper in the process of tire scraping. First, the technician releases the air from the tire. Then the technician manually removes the edge of the tire from the hub joint, but the removal is in preparation for the use of the tire scraper.
    然后,技术人员将启动机器来分离轮胎和轮毂之间的连接。这个过程,如果手工操作,会花费很多时间来完成,所以使用机器对于技术员来说,是一个很好的节省时间的助手。
    Then the technician will start the machine to separate the connection between the tire and the hub. This process, if manually operated, will take a lot of time to complete, so the use of machines for technicians, is a good time-saving assistant.
    更后,技师将加工好的轮胎放置在水平位置,利用机器上的传递功能将轮胎与轮毂完全分离。拆卸完成后,我们可以看到轮毂内壁的外观,这在平时是很少见的。
    Finally, the technicians place the processed tires in a horizontal position and use the transfer function of the machine to completely separate the tires from the hub. After disassembly, we can see the appearance of the inner wall of the hub, which is very rare in normal times.
    拆卸完成后,技术人员将业主选择好的轮胎安装到轮毂上,目前的轮胎一般都没有衬套,所以拆卸和安装也省去了很多不必要的麻烦。
    After disassembly, technicians install the tyres selected by the owner on the hub. At present, the tyres generally do not have bushes, so disassembly and installation also saves a lot of unnecessary trouble.
    在安装过程中,技术人员需要将轮胎沿预留在轮毂上的胎槽安装回轮毂。安装完毕后,技术员给轮胎充气。但在充气过程中,技术人员需要不断挤压轮胎,纠正轮胎与轮毂之间的接合,达到紧密贴合的效果,只有这样,轮胎才不会出现漏气或无法充气的现象。
    During installation, technicians need to install the wheel hub along the groove reserved on the hub. After installation, the technician inflated the tire. However, in the process of inflation, technicians need to constantly squeeze the tire, correct the joint between the tire and the hub, so as to achieve a close fit effect. Only in this way, the tire will not leak or be unable to inflate.
    动平衡的操作过程
    Operating process of dynamic balance
    前面说的是轮胎拆卸安装过程,下面我们要介绍的是动平衡操作过程。这个过程相对简单和快速。然而,技术人员对操作过程和结果有严格的要求,因为这关系到未来驾驶过程中是否存在安全风险。
    The first part is about the process of tire disassembly and installation. The next part is about the dynamic balancing operation process. This process is relatively simple and fast. However, technicians have strict requirements on the operation process and results, because it is related to whether there are safety risks in the future driving process.
    做动平衡需要4个步骤:首先,把轮子放在动平衡仪上,选择固定器的尺寸。首先取出动态平衡器上的标尺,测量它,然后输入一个控制器。
    There are four steps for dynamic balancing: first, put the wheel on the dynamic balancing instrument and select the size of the fixator. First, the ruler on the dynamic balancer is taken out, measured, and then input to the first controller.
    第二步是取出折弯尺,测量轮辋宽度,在第二个控制器上输入相同的尺寸。
    The second step is to take out the bending ruler, measure the rim width, and input the same size on the second controller.
    第三步是在控制器中输入轮辋直径,按下STRAR启动。
    The third step is to input rim diameter in the controller and press STRAR to start.
    当测试结束时,电脑会测量出轮辋内缘和外缘需要增加的重量。
    At the end of the test, the computer will measure the additional weight needed for the rim's inner and outer edges.
    动平衡仅适用于单胎,其目的是使轮胎本身在重心不发生旋转的情况下。动平衡只要将轮胎取下,就可以在动平衡机上转动,看到机器显示的数值。
    Dynamic balance is only applicable to single tire, its purpose is to make the tire itself rotate without the center of gravity. As long as the tire is removed, the dynamic balance machine can rotate and see the value displayed by the machine.
    以上是济南奥迪专修为大家分享的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.jnrunao.com
    These are the related contents shared by Audi in Jinan. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.jnrunao.com.