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奥迪汽车皮带检查和维护

来源:http://www.jnrunao.com/ 日期:2021-05-21 发布人:runao
当今,随着汽车先进程度越来越高,维修的工作量将逐渐减少。于是,车主们往往认为他们的车辆基本不需要修理。
Nowadays, with the more advanced level of automobile, the workload of maintenance will be gradually reduced. As a result, car owners often think that their vehicles do not need repair.
不同于附属装置的驱动皮带,它们很容易被看到而且易于检查。正时皮带往往隐藏在一个盖子后面,要依据发动机及发动机舱的布置才能触及到。然而,在多数情况下,正时皮带上的盖子,至少盖子的上半部,是可以拆下或者移开的,便于你能仔细地检查及更换皮带。检查时,如果看到的不是保养良好、张紧适度的皮带,你就应该及时把它更换掉。
Unlike accessory drive belts, they are easy to see and check. The timing belt is often hidden behind a cover and can only be reached according to the arrangement of the engine and engine compartment. However, in most cases, the cover on the timing belt, at least the upper part of the cover, can be removed or removed so that you can carefully check and replace the belt. When checking, if you don't see a belt with good maintenance and proper tension, you should replace it in time.
正时皮带没有破裂,并不意味着它没有问题。随着皮带越用越旧,它拉伸的程度势必超过张紧装置能够补偿的范围,因而产生正时链轮打滑。而轮齿磨损、有润滑油附着等也会导致打滑。检查时,如果皮带有硬度降低、磨蚀、纤维断裂、或者裂纹、裂缝的现象,就表明皮带已破损,不可以继续使用。接下来,检查链轮故障。损坏的链轮能“烧毁”皮带材料,并加剧皮带齿磨损。链轮故障还可能使气门机构对正时皮带产生更大的阻力。
Just because the timing belt doesn't break doesn't mean it's OK. As the belt becomes older and older, its stretching degree will exceed the compensation range of the tensioning device, resulting in timing sprocket slipping. The wear of gear teeth and the adhesion of lubricating oil will also lead to sliding. During the inspection, if the belt has the phenomenon of hardness reduction, abrasion, fiber fracture, or crack, it indicates that the belt has been damaged and can not be used any more. Next, check the sprocket failure. The damaged sprocket can "burn" the belt material and aggravate the wear of belt teeth. Sprocket failure may also cause greater resistance of the valve mechanism to the timing belt.
工业皮带有工业传动带、汽车传动带和输送带三大类。前两种都属于传动带。传动带用于传递机械动力的胶带,包括平型传动胶带和三角传动胶带(V型胶带)。由橡胶和增强材料(如棉帆布、人造丝、合成纤维或钢丝等)构成。以多层挂胶帆布、合成纤维织物、帘线和钢丝等作抗拉层,覆合橡胶后经成型、硫化而制成。
There are three kinds of industrial belts: industrial belt, automobile belt and conveyor belt. The first two belong to the drive belt. The belt is used to transfer mechanical power, including flat belt and V-belt. It is composed of rubber and reinforced materials (such as cotton canvas, rayon, synthetic fiber or steel wire). It is made of multi-layer hanging rubber canvas, synthetic fiber fabric, cord and steel wire as tensile layer, covered with rubber and then molded and vulcanized.
传动带是将原动机的电机或发动机旋转产生的动力,通过带轮由胶带传导到机械设备上,故又称之为动力带。它是机电设备的核心联结部件,种类异常繁多,用途极为广泛。从大到几千千瓦的巨型电机,小到不足一个千瓦的微型电机,甚至包括家电、计算机、机器人等精 密机械在内都离不开传动带。它的特点是可以自 由变速,远近传动,结构简单,更换方便。所以,从原始机械到现代自动设备都有传动带的身影,产品历经多次演变,技术日臻成熟。
Transmission belt is the power generated by the rotation of the motor or engine of the prime mover, which is transmitted to the mechanical equipment by the belt through the pulley, so it is also called power belt. It is the core connecting part of mechanical and electrical equipment, which has a wide variety of applications. From large to thousands of kilowatts of giant motors, to less than a kilowatt of micro motors, and even including home appliances, computers, robots and other precision machinery are inseparable from the drive belt. It is characterized by free speed change, far and near transmission, simple structure and convenient replacement. Therefore, from the original machinery to modern automatic equipment, there is the shadow of the transmission belt. The product has experienced many times of evolution, and the technology is becoming more and more mature.
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