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冷却液使用要注意的一些问题

来源:http://www.jnrunao.com/ 日期:2021-10-31 发布人:runao
1、那种只要在冬季使用的观点是错误的,只知道冷却液的防冻功能,而忽视了冷却液的防腐、防沸、防垢等作用。
1. The view that it is only used in winter is wrong. It only knows the antifreeze function of coolant, but ignores the anti-corrosion, anti boiling, anti scaling and other functions of coolant.
2、要根据汽车使用地区的气温,选用不同冰点的冷却液,冷却液的冰点至少要比该地区温度低10℃,以免失去防冻作用。
2. According to the air temperature in the area where the vehicle is used, select the coolant with different freezing point. The freezing point of the coolant shall be at least 10 ℃ lower than the minimum temperature in the area, so as not to lose the anti freezing effect.
3、冷却液的膨胀率一般比水大,若无膨胀水箱,冷却液只能加到冷却系容积的95%,以免冷却液溢出。
3. The expansion rate of coolant is generally higher than that of water. If there is no expansion tank, the coolant can only be added to 95% of the volume of the cooling system to avoid coolant overflow.
4、若购买的是浓缩冷却液,如乙二醇型浓缩冷却液,可以按比例添加适量的纯水,以配制出适合本地区气温的冷却液。
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4. If you buy concentrated coolant, such as ethylene glycol concentrated coolant, you can add an appropriate amount of pure water in proportion to prepare a coolant suitable for the temperature in this area.
5、如果发动机冷却系原先使用的是水或换用另一种冷却液,在加入新的一种冷却液之前,务必要将冷却系统冲洗干净。
5. If the engine cooling system used water or another coolant, be sure to flush the cooling system before adding a new coolant.
6、要针对各种发动机具体结构特点选用冷却液种类,强化系数高的发动机,应选用高沸点冷却液;缸体或散热器用铝合金制造的发动机,应选用含有硅酸盐类添加剂的冷却液。
6. The type of coolant shall be selected according to the specific structural characteristics of various engines. For engines with high enhancement coefficient, high boiling point coolant shall be selected; For the engine made of aluminum alloy for cylinder block or radiator, the coolant containing silicate additives shall be selected.
7、不同品牌的冷却液不要混合使用,防止因成分不同发生化学反应,失去原有的性能。在使用后,若因冷却系渗漏引起散热器液面降低时,应及时补充同一品牌冷却液,若液面降低系水蒸发所致,则应向冷却系添加蒸馏水或去离子水,切勿加入井水、自来水等硬水;当发现冷却液中有悬浮物、沉淀物或发臭时,证明冷却液已起化学反应,已变质失去功效,应及时地清洗冷却系统,并全部更换其冷却液。
7. Do not mix coolants of different brands to prevent chemical reaction due to different components and loss of original performance. After use, if the liquid level of the radiator decreases due to the leakage of the cooling system, the coolant of the same brand shall be supplemented in time. If the liquid level decreases due to water evaporation, distilled water or deionized water shall be added to the cooling system, and hard water such as well water and tap water shall not be added; When suspended solids, sediment or odor are found in the coolant, it is proved that the coolant has undergone chemical reaction, deteriorated and lost its efficacy. The cooling system shall be cleaned in time and all its coolant shall be replaced.
8、要购买经国家指定的检测站检测合格的冷却液产品,应向商家索要检测报告、质量保证书、保险以及使用说明书等资料,切勿贪便宜购买劣质品,以免损坏发动机,造成不必要的经济损失。
8. If you want to buy coolant products that have passed the test at the test station designated by the state, you should ask the merchant for test reports, quality assurance, insurance, operation instructions and other materials. Do not buy low-quality products cheaply to avoid damaging the engine and causing unnecessary economic losses.
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