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混合动力和纯油的哪个更省油?

来源:http://www.jnrunao.com/ 日期:2021-09-16 发布人:runao
混合动力和纯油的哪个更省油?混合动力技术现在越来越普及,普遍都应用到汽车上,混合动力的汽车是指油和电的混合驱动,虽然混合动力汽车越来越来,但由于技术上的问题,还是没能大范围普及。
Which is more fuel-efficient, hybrid or pure oil? Hybrid technology is becoming more and more popular and widely used in cars. Hybrid vehicles refer to the hybrid drive of oil and electricity. Although hybrid vehicles are becoming more and more popular, they still can not be popularized on a large scale due to technical problems.
观点一:混合动力汽车长距离不能省油
Viewpoint 1: hybrid vehicles cannot save fuel for a long distance
为了向节能减排方向发展,汽车技术也在寻找新的方向。目前混合动力车以及纯粹的电动汽车逐渐风靡起来。混合动力汽车是同时配置有内燃机和电动机的汽车,在需要大功率时内燃机功率不足时,由电池来补充;负荷少时,富余的功率可发电给电池充电,由于内燃机可持续工作,电池又可以不断得到充电。混合动力汽车优点是因为有了电池,可以十分方便地回收制动时、下坡时、怠速时的能量;在繁华市区,可关停内燃机,由电池单独驱动,实现“零”排放;有了内燃机可以十分方便地解决耗能大的空调、取暖、除霜等纯电动汽车遇到的难题;可以利用现有的加油站加油,不必再投资;可让电池保持在良好的工作状态,不发生过充、过放,延长其使用寿命,降低成本。
In order to develop towards energy conservation and emission reduction, automobile technology is also looking for a new direction. At present, hybrid vehicles and pure electric vehicles are becoming more and more popular. Hybrid electric vehicle is a vehicle equipped with internal combustion engine and motor at the same time. When high power is required, when the internal combustion engine power is insufficient, it is supplemented by battery; When the load is small, the surplus power can generate electricity to charge the battery. Because the internal combustion engine can work continuously, the battery can be charged continuously. The advantage of hybrid electric vehicle is that with the battery, it is very convenient to recover the energy during braking, downhill and idling; In the prosperous urban area, the internal combustion engine can be shut down and driven separately by the battery to achieve "zero" emission; The internal combustion engine can easily solve the problems encountered by pure electric vehicles such as air conditioning, heating and defrosting with high energy consumption; The existing gas stations can be used to refuel without further investment; It can keep the battery in good working condition without overcharge and discharge, prolong its service life and reduce the cost.
但是混合动力车只是一个过渡,在节能方面并没有太大的优势,长距离高速行驶基本不能省油。
However, hybrid electric vehicle is only a transition, and has no great advantage in energy saving. It can't save fuel for long-distance and high-speed driving.
观点二:电动汽车省油但不成熟
Viewpoint 2: electric vehicles are fuel-efficient but immature
汽车技术节油减排放的是电动汽车,电动汽车的组成包括:电力驱动及控制系统、驱动力传动等机械系统、完成既定任务的工作装置等。电力驱动及控制系统是电动汽车的核心,也是区别于内燃机汽车的不同点。但这种技术目前尚不成熟,缺点也比较明显。首先是电池很重,整车有很大一部分是电池,再者加电也不方便,电池续航能力不强,行驶距离多只能持续200公里,相比较而言,汽油发动机汽车油箱一次加满一般能跑500公里左右。
It is electric vehicles that save fuel and reduce emissions in automotive technology. The composition of electric vehicles includes: electric drive and control system, mechanical systems such as driving force transmission, working devices to complete established tasks, etc. Electric drive and control system is the core of electric vehicle, which is also different from internal combustion engine vehicle. However, this technology is still immature and has obvious disadvantages. First of all, the battery is very heavy, and a large part of the whole vehicle is battery. In addition, it is inconvenient to power on. The battery endurance is not strong, and the driving distance can only last 200 kilometers. In comparison, gasoline engine vehicles can generally run about 500 kilometers when the fuel tank is filled at one time.
此外,与混合动力相比,电动车更需要基础设施的配套,而这不是一家企业能解决的,需要各企业联合起来与当地政府部门一起建设,才会有大规模推广的机会。昂贵的电价也是制约的一个因素。
In addition, compared with hybrid electric vehicles, electric vehicles need supporting infrastructure, which can not be solved by one enterprise. Enterprises need to build together with local government departments to have the opportunity of large-scale promotion. Expensive electricity prices are also a constraint.
此文关键词: 济南奥迪专修  

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