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汽车发动机到底是什么样的结构呢?

来源:http://www.jnrunao.com/ 日期:2020-06-10 发布人:runao
对于我们人类来说,心脏为血液循环提供动力,向你的全身运送能量。对于汽车来说,要让它跑起来需要给它提供燃料,那么原料要怎样才能变成汽车的动力呢?要弄清楚这个问题需要先去认识发动机。什么是发动机呢,简单的说就是让汽车能动起来的机器。在汽车上常用的发动机被称为内燃机,它的特点是让燃料和空气混合后输入机器的,那便在燃烧产生热能,然后转变为推动物体运动的能量。
For us humans, the heart powers the blood circulation and delivers energy to your whole body. For a car, to make it run, it needs to provide fuel, so how can raw materials become the power of the car? To understand this problem, we need to know the engine first. What is the engine? In short, it is the machine that makes the car move. The engine commonly used in automobile is called internal combustion engine. Its characteristic is to let the fuel and air mix and then input it into the machine. That is to say, the combustion generates heat energy, which is then converted into the energy to promote the movement of objects.
汽车发动机到底是什么样的结构呢?发动机是由许许多多部分组成的,十分复杂的机器汽车用的汽油机一般是有两个机构和五个系统组成。这两个机构是曲柄连杆机构配气机构,而这五个系统分别是供给系统冷却系统,润滑系统,点火系统和启动系统。那么这两个机构到底起什么作用呢?
What kind of structure is the automobile engine? The engine is composed of many parts. The gasoline engine for the very complex machine automobile is generally composed of two mechanisms and five systems. These two mechanisms are the valve mechanism of crank linkage mechanism, and the five systems are respectively the cooling system, the lubrication system, the ignition system and the starting system of the supply system. So what is the role of these two institutions?
曲柄连杆机构就像是活动的双臂,通过双臂的摆动就可以推动物体。在直线方向,运动配气机构就像是整个发动机的气管一样。发动机也是需要呼吸的,它的吸入空气使燃料燃烧,还得排出,燃料燃烧后产生的废气。这五个系统启动系统相当于发令枪,它会发出指令,两件并且的发动机开始运转起来。它相当于人的肠胃,是用来给发动机提供食物的部分,这里的食物也就是燃料。点火系统就像是打火机。燃料会燃烧,然后给发动机提供能量这样发动机就开始运动了。
The crank link mechanism is like a movable double arm, which can push the object through the swing of the double arm. In a straight line, the moving valve train is like the air pipe of the whole engine. The engine also needs to breathe. Its intake air makes the fuel burn, and it has to exhaust the exhaust gas generated after the fuel burns. These five system start-up systems are equivalent to the starting gun, which will send out commands, and two and the engine will start to run. It's equivalent to the human stomach, which is used to provide food for the engine. The food here is also fuel. The ignition system is like a lighter. The fuel burns and then provides energy to the engine so that it can start moving.
冷却系统相当于教室里面的空调,随着发动机的运转,它的温度会越来越高,如果不给它装空调让它降温发动机就会中暑,那样就不能很好的工作。而润滑系统相当于让发动机可以脚底踩香蕉皮,这样发动机可以更加顺滑地完成运动。
The cooling system is equivalent to the air conditioner in the classroom. With the operation of the engine, its temperature will be higher and higher. If the air conditioner is not installed to cool it, the engine will suffer from heatstroke, which will not work well. The lubrication system is equivalent to that the engine can step on the banana skin, so that the engine can complete the movement more smoothly.
以上就是小编为您介绍的发动机的结构,您是否了解呢?您还想了解更多的信息,请关注我们官方网站:http://www.jnrunao.com
The above is the structure of the engine that Xiaobian introduced to you. Do you know? You also want to know more information. Please pay attention to our official website: http://www.jnrunao.com
此文关键词: 济南奥迪专修  

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