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手动挡换挡卡顿怎么解决?

来源:http://www.jnrunao.com/ 日期:2020-12-18 发布人:runao
手动挡车型驾驶起来确实要比自动挡难一些,因为手动挡在行驶过程中,需要的操作比较多,而且这些操作是以人的思维为基础的,而自动挡是靠行车电脑ECU来控制的,因此,驾驶起来难度较低。但是对于一些车友来讲,尤其是老司机,即使是开手动挡也是那种如丝般顺滑,行车换挡一点卡顿也没有。
It is more difficult to drive a vehicle with manual transmission than with automatic transmission, because manual transmission requires more operations during driving, and these operations are based on people's thinking, while automatic gear is controlled by ECU of driving computer, so it is less difficult to drive. But for some riders, especially the old drivers, even if they drive the manual gear, it is as smooth as silk, and there is no jam at all in the shift.
因此,手动挡换挡卡顿多是新手或对手动挡驾驶不习惯的人,其在行车过程中对离合器的工作行程感觉不准造成的,把离合器完全踩到底,这时候离合器处于完全分离状态,慢慢松的过程中会感觉到一个顶脚的力量,这是车子还没有动,要牢牢记住这个位置,这个位置之前可以可以放得快一些以减少车速的下降,这个位置后之后要慢一点以减少冲击的感觉。要反复的练习才能掌握好。
Therefore, manual gear shifting stuck is mostly caused by novices or people who are not used to manual gear driving. They feel that the working stroke of the clutch is not accurate during driving. When the clutch is fully depressed, the clutch is in a state of complete separation. When the clutch is slowly released, you will feel the force of a jacking foot. This is when the car has not moved. Keep this position firmly in mind Before the position, you can put it faster to reduce the speed drop. After this position, you should slow down to reduce the impact feeling. It takes repeated practice to master it.
但是手动挡汽车换挡还是有一定的技巧的。首先,根据汽车速度适时换挡。 一般情况下,起步挂一档,当行驶了几米后接着换二档;当车速达到20迈以上35迈一下换三档;车速达到35迈以上,45迈一下换四档;车速达到45迈以上换五档。以上是普通的五档变速汽车,对于6档以上的汽车,车速每提高约15迈就可加一个档。另外换挡时要看好发动机的转速,在2500转左右时及时换挡更好。
But there are still some skills in manual shift. First, shift gears according to the speed of the car. Generally speaking, shift to first gear when starting, and then shift to second gear after driving for several meters; shift to third gear when the speed reaches above 20 mph; shift to fourth gear at 45 mph when the speed reaches above 35 mph; and shift to fifth gear when the speed reaches above 45 mph. The above is an ordinary five speed car. For cars with more than six gears, one gear can be added for every 15 mph increase in speed. In addition, the engine speed should be good when shifting, and it is best to shift gears in time at about 2500 rpm.
其次,有时候开着开着车发现车辆有些发抖,说明发动机正处于低速高负荷运转,要根据实际情况立即降低一到两个档位;而且换挡的同时,离合器、油门要配合好,离合器踩到低紧接着松开油门踏板,然后迅速的换到相应的档位。换完档要立即松开手,不要长时间放在变速杆(俗称档靶子)上,否则容易损坏变速杆。
Secondly, sometimes when driving the car, I find that the vehicle is shaking, which indicates that the engine is running at low speed and high load, and it is necessary to immediately reduce one or two gears according to the actual situation; at the same time of shifting, the clutch and accelerator should be well coordinated, and the clutch should be stepped on low, then release the throttle pedal, and then quickly shift to the corresponding gear. After shifting, you should release your hand immediately, and do not put it on the shift lever (commonly known as gear target) for a long time, otherwise it is easy to damage the gear lever.
再者,掌握正确的换挡手型。很多驾驶员往往忽略换挡的手型,有时随便用两三个手指拨一拨就换挡,这样很不规范也不安全。正确的换挡手型是掌心向下覆盖住档靶子的头部,五指握紧档靶子,然后进行换挡。
Moreover, master the correct shift hand type. Many drivers tend to ignore the hand type of shifting, and sometimes shift with two or three fingers at random, which is very irregular and unsafe. The correct shifting hand type is to cover the head of the gear target with palm downward, hold the gear target tightly with five fingers, and then shift gears.
还有,换挡要换到位。有时我们长时间开车会换挡很随意,档位没有卡准就抬离合器,这样对变速器损害很大。因此换挡时一定要换到位,换挡时一定要把离合器踩到底。一般来说挂1档向左再向前推进去挂档;挂2档向左再向下推进去挂档;挂3档在回空挡的基础上直直的向上推进去;挂4档在回空挡的基础上直直的向下推进去;挂5档向右直推再向上推进去。
What's more, the shift should be in place. Sometimes when we drive for a long time, we will shift at will. If the gear is not locked correctly, we will lift the clutch, which will do great damage to the transmission. Therefore, the shift must be in place, and the clutch must be pressed to the bottom when shifting. Generally speaking, shift 1 to the left and then forward to shift; shift 2 to the left and then push down to shift in; shift 3 to push straight up on the basis of return to neutral; shift 4 to push straight down on the basis of return to neutral; shift to gear 5, push straight right and then up.
熟悉比较特殊的倒档挂法。不同车辆有不同的挂倒档方式,有的车辆向右直推再向下拉进去挂档;有的车辆倒档在1档的位置还要靠左,即比1档还向左推进一格再向前挂档;有的车辆挂倒档需要用中指和无名指提起档靶子下面的按钮,再向左向前推挂档;还有的车辆需要按下档靶子,然后向左向前挂档或向右向后推进去
Familiar with special reverse gear shifting method. Different vehicles have different ways to shift gears. Some vehicles push straight to the right and then pull down to shift into gear; some vehicles have to move the reverse gear to the left in the first gear position, that is, push one space to the left than the first gear and then shift forward; some vehicles need to use the middle finger and ring finger to lift the button under the gear target, and then push the gear to the left and forward; some vehicles need to press the gear target, and then move the gear to the left and forward Shift left forward or push right backward
此文关键词: 济南奥迪专修  

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